The independent physical activities – premise for the improvement of the preadolescents’ physical fitness
The objectives and the content of the physical education, stipulated by the existing specialized national curriculum, do not always cover the need for movement of the preadolescent’s organism, at a top moment of quantitative and qualitative accumulations, both physically and psychically, being insufficient in order to eliminate the failures to meet the norms imposed by the school evaluation system specific for this domain. The accomplishment of a complex of motor tasks with a strictly directed influence, as part of a daily independent program, conceived according to the abilities of the pupils of preadolescent age, individualizes the physical education process and the process concerning the level of manifestation of the conditional and coordinative capacities. For verifying the above statement, we undertook a pedagogical experiment, during the school year 2003-2004, in which we involved 100 pupils, boys and girls, aged between 11 and 14 (4 classes, of which 2 reference classes and 2 experimental classes). The pupils that were part of the experimental classes completed, along with the compulsory physical education classes, supplementary pre-established motor tasks, as part of a daily independent program. At the same time, the 100 subjects were tested and evaluated, initially and finally, in point of the level of manifestation of their motor qualities and of the acquiring of the sports motor habits that are part of the curriculum in this field. Following the development of the experiment, we noted that the continuous and independent systematic practice of physical exercises, strictly and correctly calculated, led to the significant improvement of the indicators of the level of physical fitness of the pupils from the experimental class.